Gum Disease

Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal or gum disease refers to the infection of the gums. Periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of teeth loss as it can go unnoticed for an extended period. Often the symptoms of gum disease are silent and virtually painless, which is why most patients are unaware of the disease.
Frequently visiting the dentist can help detect early signs of gum disease and prevent the damage it causes.

What Does Gum Disease Do to Your Teeth?

Gum disease starts when plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, infects your gums. Sugars, starch, and other foods mix with the bacteria in the mouth, and bacteria that are not removed from brushing or flossing can form plaque that later buildups to cause periodontal disease.
If you leave the plague untreated, it will continue to grow and spread. Periodontal disease develops beneath the gums, separating the teeth from the gum by creating small pockets.

Types Of Periodontal Disease

There are two stages of periodontal disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gingivitis

It is an early stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis causes the gums to become swollen and red, and bleeding when brushing or flossing is a common sign of gingivitis. You can prevent this disease by brushing and flossing regularly.

Periodontitis

It is the advanced stage of untreated gingivitis. When you have periodontitis, your bones and gums are severely infected with plaque. The disease may cause irreversible damage if not treated on time. Periodontitis can also lead to extraction or tooth fallout.
The factors that may contribute to the development of periodontitis are:
  • Chewing tobacco or smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Crooked teeth
  • Poorly fitted bridges
  • Pregnancy
  • Old fillings
  • Side effects of certain medications
Although most symptoms of gum disease easily go unnoticed, some symptoms include:
  • Bleeding gums
  • Tender, red, and swollen gums
  • Dreadful taste or bad breath in the mouth
  • Pus in your teeth or gums
  • Tooth loss or moving tooth
  • Changes in the strength of your bite
  • Changes in the fitting or your dentures

Treating Gum Disease

The treatment for gum disease varies from patient to patient. Typical dental interventions include:
  • Laser gum therapy
  • Dental implants
  • Periodontal surgery
  • At-home periodontal trays
  • Deep cleaning (root planning)
  • Scaling

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